The pepper originates from Brazil, from where it spread to Europe after the discovery of the American continent.
It is a herbaceous plant, annual or biennial, with a stem initially herbaceous and later woody with abundant branching. It reaches a height of 60-70 cm.
Its fruits, the peppers, differ in shape depending on the variety. Before they are ripe, they are green or yellow-green – when they are ripe, they turn red or yellow.